Diabetes is one of the chronic conditions medically known. But what is this diabetes? How does it take effect? What and how can we do to manage it and try to minimize the risk of acquiring it?
Diabetes is a condition in which the body’s ability to use or produce the hormone insulin is affected.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancrease, which aids in transporting sugars or glucose, otherwise known as energies, to the body cells. These energies are gotten when carbohydrates such as rice, potatoes, wheat products, milk etc are broken down during digestion.
When these sugars are produced, hormone insulin helps transport them to the body cells and are used as energy by our bodies to perform various metabolism activities.
In a case where the ratio of sugars produced verses that absorbed are on the same level, then we have a normal metabolism function, but when the ratio of that produced does not match that of energy absorbed we tend to have an abnormal sugar level thus said to have the diabetic disorder.
Sometimes enough sugars are produced but our body cells either lack the ability to absorb ,or the hormone insulin which aids in the absorption may not be sufficiently produced or not produced at all, causing the sugar levels in the blood stream to rise.
What are the warning signs?
❖ Our bodies require energy to carry on various activities and body functions. If the cells do not receive the energies they will exhaust all the stored up energies and when there will be nothing more to use the body will start feeling fatigued sending a signal that all might not be well.
❖ When the sugars pile up in the blood stream water is drawn from body cells in order to dilute the concentrated blood sugar levels therefore making the body feel dehydrated.
❖ From the thirst feeling we end up taking lots of water to quench the thirst and this results to frequent urination.
❖ Sugars when transformed to energies are responsible for various processes therefore low levels of energy may result to a sexual dysfunction in males.
❖ When the body cells are not getting enough energies the body draws stored up energy from the liver and this may lead to an overworked liver.
There are a number of ways in which diabetes can be controlled and treated, both medically and through leading a healthy lifestyle.
The number one healthy lifestyle tip is staying hydrated .this helps in diluting the levels of sugars in the blood stream.
Exercise also plays a great role in managing diabetes. Exercise burns out excess fats in our body hence making our cells more receptive to the insulin. This ensures that energies are absorbed into our cells and does not pile up in the blood system.
Maintaining a healthy diet also plays a major role in diabetes control by regulating the amount of carbohydrates ingested we ensure that there is just enough sugar levels in our system-not too high or too low, just enough
When the condition is advanced it can be controlled by administration of medicines in injection form or oral form.
Injections include insulin shots in a case where the body does not produce enough insulin, or administration of oral meds which either increase the level of insulin production or regulate the amount of sugars released to the blood system, or make the muscles more receptive to the insulin produced.
Sometimes diabetes can take up to 10years for it to be diagnosed or for the symptoms to show. It is therefore important to practice healthy lifestyles and get yourself regularly checked and advised accordingly to avoid acquiring it in the long run.